Open air antenna

July 22, 2016
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Department of Electrical Engineering, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Avda, Universidad, 30, Leganés, Madrid 28911, Spain

Department of Signal Theory and Communications, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Avda, Universidad, 30, Leganés, Madrid 28911, Spain

Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Academic Editors: Thomas B. Messervey, Stefano Mariani and Alberto Vallan

Partial discharges are ionization processes inside or on the surface of dielectrics that can unveil insulation problems in electrical equipment. The charge accumulated is released under certain environmental and voltage conditions attacking the insulation both physically and chemically. The final consequence of a continuous occurrence of these events is the breakdown of the dielectric. The electron avalanche provokes a derivative of the electric field with respect to time, creating an electromagnetic impulse that can be detected with antennas. The localization of the source helps in the identification of the piece of equipment that has to be decommissioned. This can be done by deploying antennas and calculating the time difference of arrival (TDOA) of the electromagnetic pulses. However, small errors in this parameter can lead to great displacements of the calculated position of the source. Usually, four antennas are used to find the source but the array geometry has to be correctly deployed to have minimal errors in the localization. This paper demonstrates, by an analysis based on simulation and also experimentally, that the most common layouts are not always the best options and proposes a simple antenna layout to reduce the systematic error in the TDOA calculation due to the positions of the antennas in the array.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Robles, G.; Fresno, J.M.; Sánchez-Fernández, M.; Martínez-Tarifa, J.M. Antenna Deployment for the Localization of Partial Discharges in Open-Air Substations. Sensors 2016, 16, 541.

AMA Style

Robles G, Fresno JM, Sánchez-Fernández M, Martínez-Tarifa JM. Antenna Deployment for the Localization of Partial Discharges in Open-Air Substations. Sensors. 2016; 16(4):541.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Robles, Guillermo; Fresno, José M.; Sánchez-Fernández, Matilde; Martínez-Tarifa, Juan M. 2016. "Antenna Deployment for the Localization of Partial Discharges in Open-Air Substations." Sensors 16, no. 4: 541.

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